Benchmarking (virtual) network drivers under FreeBSD 9
With the launch of FreeBSD 9, I was curious to learn how the VirtIO driver performed. I’ve seen a significant boost in disk performance, but how about the network driver?
Luckily, that’s rather easy to find the answer to. I spun up two FreeBSD 9 nodes on CloudSigma and configured them with VirIO (just like in this guide) and a private network. Once they were up and running, I installed Iperf and started testing away.
I had three different network drivers that I wanted to benchmark:
- Intel PRO/1000 (Intel 82540EM chipset)
- RealTek RTL8139
- VirtIO (QEMU/KVM)
One would of course assume that the VirtIO driver would outperform the others, but I wanted to see if that assumption was true, and if so, by how much.
The FreeBSD virtual machines I used had 2GHz CPU, and 2GB of RAM. They also both used a VirtIO block-device as storage.
The Iperf command I used on the server was:
and then on the client:
iperf -i 1 -t 30 -c TheOtherNode
So what were the findings? As you can see below, the VirtIO-driver performed better than all other drivers across the board.
[easychart type=“vertbar” height=“400” title=“Throughput in MBits/sec” groupnames=“VirtIO, Intel PRO/1000, RealTek RTL8139” valuenames=“Average, Median, Min, Max” group1values=“256.24,255.00,165.00,328.00” group2values=“209.03,209.00,197.00,215.00” group3values=“186.34,184.00,102.00,259.00”]
It should be said that the benchmarks I did only benchmarked traffic in one direction. Another thing that I didn’t capture in these tests were CPU usage. That would have been interesting to see, and I suspect that the VirtIO would require lest CPU power (at the very least on the host).
While I performed these benchmarks on CloudSigma’s architecture, since they are running KVM/Qemu, they should be a good indicator of general performance under KVM/Qemu.
If you found this interesting, you’ll probably also like the article Benchmarking and tuning FreeBSD’s VirtIO network driver.